Image Credits

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Public Domain Images from herbals and old reference books

Bayard, Tania, Sweet Herbs & Sundry Flowers: Medieval Gardens & the Gardens of the Cloisters (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1985)

Detail from diagram from the Treatise on Opththalmology by Hunayn Ibn Ishaq, 11th century. Click for larger image.

Cunningham, Scott, Cunningham's Encyclopedia of Magical Herbs (St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1988)

Freeman, Margaret B., Herbs for the Medieval Household (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1943)

Hart, Harold, editor, Animal Art in the Public Domain (New York: Hart Publishing Company, 1983)

Lehner, Ernst and Johanna, Folklore and Odysseys of Food and Medicinal Plants (New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1962)

Islamic Art, European Art and Contemporary Images

Atil, Esin, Renaissance of Islam: Art of the Mamluks (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution/Freer Gallery, 1981)

Islamische Kunst (Berlin: Edition Kunstbuch Berlin im Rembrandt Verlag, 1982)

Artil, Esin, Art of the Arab World (Washington, DC: Freer Gallery/Smithsonian Institution, 1975)

Atlas of the Islamic World since 1500 (New York: Facts on File, 1982)

Austin, R.W.J., et. al., The Arab World (Lausanne: Two Continents, n.d.)

Bakhtiar, Laleh, Sufi: Expressions of the Mystic Quest (London: Thames and Hudson, 1976)

Bawa Muhaiyaddeen Fellowship

  • bawa.jpg: Bawa stirs the pot, photographer unknown

Blair, Sheila, and Jonathan M. Bloom, The Art and Architecture of Islam: 1250-1800 (New Haven: Yale, 1994)

Bloom, Jonathan, and Sheila Blair, Islamic Arts (London: Phaidon, 1997)

Bonheim, Jalaja, Goddess: A Celebration in Art and Literature (New York: Stuart, Tabori and Chang, 1997)

Blair, Sheila S., and Jonathan M. Bloom, editors, Images of Paradise in Islamic Art (Hanover, NH: Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College, 1991)

  • paradise.jpg: Detail from Allegory of Heavenly and Earthly Drunkenness, by Sultan Muhammad, Persian 933/1526
  • dervish.jpg: Portrait of a Begging Dervish, Ottoman Turkey, mid-17th Century CE
  • miraj02_large.jpg, angel_tray.jpg: Detail from The Mir'aj: Muhammad on Buraq, Khamsa of Nizami, Persian, mid-16th century CE
  • taziye.jpg: Taziye play, Persian, 19th century
  • mecca_large.jpg, mecca.jpg: Leaf from a pilgrimage guidfe depicting the Ka'aba at Mecca, Mecca, 990/1582

Brend, Barbara, Islamic Art (Cambridge: Harvard, 1991)

Brown, John K., The Dervishes, Or Oriental Spiritualism (London, 1868), reproduced in Ernst, Carl, The Shambhala Guide to Sufism (Boston: Shambhala, 1997)

Danby, Guy, Moorish Style (London: Phaidon, 1995)

Dodds, Jerrilynn, Al-Andalus: The Art of Islamic Spain (New York: Abrams/Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1992)

DuRy, Carel J., Art of Islam (New York: Abrams, 1970)

Esposito, John L., editor. Oxford History of Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999)

Ettinghausen, Richard, Arab Painting (Paris: Skira, 1962)

Eren, Neset, The Art of Turkish Cooking (New York: Doubleday, 1969, reprinted Hippocrene 1993)

Freke, Timothy, Sacred Scriptures (Wheaton, IL: Quest Books, 1998)

Friedlander, Ira, The Whirling Dervishes (Albany: SUNY, 1992)

  • ya_hat.gif: Calligraphy in the form of a dervish hat which says "Ya Hazrat Mevlana" (Praise to Our Master)

Gray, Basil, Treasures of Persian Painting (Paris: Skira, 1961)

Grube, Ernst J., The World of Islam (New York: McGraw Hill, n.d.)

Guy, John, and Deborah Swallow, editors, Arts of India: 1550-1900 (London: Victoria and Albert Museum, 1990)

Haak, Bob, Rembrandt: His Life, His Work, His Time (New York: Abrams, 1969?)

Inayat Khan, Music (New York: Weiser, 1977)

Iran: Persian Miniatures - Imperial Library (Paris: UNESCO, 1956)

Islam and the Arab World, edited by Bernard Lewis (London: Thames & Hudson, 1976)

Lowry, Glenn D., with Susan Nemazee, A Jeweler's Eye: Islamic Arts of the Book from the Vever Collection (Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1988)

Khamsa of Nizami, commentary by Maurice S. Dimand (New York: Metropolitan Museum, 1969)

Lewis, Samuel, In the Garden: Murshid Sam (New York: Harmony Books, 1975)

  • sam.jpg: Sam Lewis, photographer unknown

Moinuddin, Abu Abdullah Ghulam, The Book of Sufi Healing, by Shaikh Hakim Moinuddin Chishti (Rochester: Inner Traditions, 1991)

Ozak, Muzaffer, Love is the Wine: Talks of a Sufi Master in America (Putney: Threshold, 1987)

Ozturk, Yasar Nuri, Eye of the Heart (Istanbul: Redhouse, n.d.)

Papadopoulo, Alexandre, Islam and Muslim Art (New York: Abrams, 1979)

Pratapaditya Pal, Indian Painting, vol. 1: 1000-1700 (New York: Abrams, 1993)

Robinson, B.W., Persian Drawings from the 14th Through the 19th Century (Boston: Little, Brown, 1965)

Schimmel, Annemarie, Calligraphy and Islamic Culture (New York: New York University Press, 1981)

  • lion.gif: Calligraphic lion made of Shi'i invocations
  • stork_green.gif: Basmalah in the shape of a stork, Turkey, 19th century
  • bawa.gif: Basmalah in the form of a swan, by H.H. Bawa Muhaiyddin, Sri Lanka, ca. 1978

Schimmel, Annemarie, Mystical Dimensions of Islam

Schimmel, Annemarie, The Triumphal Sun

Selected Masterpieces of Asian Art at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts (Boston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1992)

Stuart, Desmond, Early Islam (New York: Time-Life, 1967)

Thubron, Colin, Istanbul (New York: Time-Life, 1978)

Turkey: Miniatures (Paris: UNESCO, 1961)

Tzareva, Elena, Rugs and Carpets from Central Asia (Middlesex: Penguin, 1984)

  • prayer_rug.jpg: Detail from Kashgarlyk uzbek namazlyk prayer rug, first half 19th century

de Vitray-Meyerovitch, Eva, Rumi and Sufism (Sausalito, CA: Post-Apollo, 1977)

  • hu.gif: Double waw symbol, Konya

Welch, Stuart Cary, Royal Persian Manuscripts (London: Thames & Hudson, 1976)

Wilson, Peter Lamborn, Pirate Utopias (Brooklyn: Autonomedia, 1987)

Yerasimos, Stephanie, Turkish Style (New York: Vendome Press, n.d.)

Yoshida, Mitsukumi, In Search of Persian Pottery (Tokyo: Weatherhill, 1972)